Bus and Lorry Theory Test
Before any practical test can be completed, a theory test must be passed. The theory test is made up of two parts; the multiple choice part and the hazard perception part. The multiple choice part is delivered using a touch screen computer and mouse and the hazard perception part records your responses through the use of a computer mouse button.

The LGV/PCV theory test is divided into two separate parts. The multiple choice test and the hazard perception test. The two parts can be taken at different times but both parts must be passed within a 24 month period to obtain a valid theory test pass.

The questions in each multiple choice test vary according to the category of vehicle you are hoping to obtain a licence for, for example, a motorcycle theory test will contain specific questions that do not appear in any other test.

For the hazard perception test there are no separate versions for different vehicles, each vehicle category takes the same test, however the pass mark is different for different categories of tests.

Part one - multiple choice

Before the test starts you will be given instructions on how the test works.

You can also choose to go through a practice session of the multiple choice questions to get used to the layout of the test. At the end of the practice session the real test will begin.

A question and several answer options will appear onscreen and you have to select the correct answer to the question by touching the screen or using the mouse. Some questions may require more than one answer.

You will be asked 100 questions in 115 minutes. You can navigate between questions and ‘flag’ questions that you want to come back to later in the test.

The pass mark for the multiple choice part of the theory test is 85 out of 100.

Part two - hazard perception

First, you will be shown a short tutorial video clip about how the hazard perception part works. You will be presented with a series of 19 video clips which feature every day road scenes. In each clip there will be at least one developing hazard, but one of the clips will feature two developing hazards.

To achieve a high score you will need to respond to the developing hazard during the early part of its development. The maximum you can score on each hazard is five. You will not be able to review your answers to the hazard perception test; as on the road, you will only have one chance to respond to the developing hazard.

The pass mark for the hazard perception part of the theory test is 67 out of 100.

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At the end of the test
At the end of the hazard perception part of the theory test you will be invited to answer a number of customer survey questions. You do not have to answer the questions if you do not want to, and any information given is anonymous and confidential. The survey questions do not affect the result of the test.

When you have finished the test you may leave the examination room. Once you have left the room, you will not be allowed to enter it again. You will then be given your result letter by a member of the test centre staff.

The result letter tells you if you passed or failed, and it gives you feedback on your test. It tells you in which topic areas you answered questions incorrectly, so you know which topics to look at again, and it tells you the breakdown of points you scored throughout the hazard perception part by identifying how many 5’s, 4’s, 3’s you scored.

If you scored mainly 0’s, 1’s and 2’s you are reacting slowly to the hazard that is developing onscreen, whereas if you scored mainly 5’s and 4’s you are identifying the developing hazards in good time.

After passing the theory tests

You will receive an embossed pass letter detailing the results for the part of the theory test you have completed.

When you have passed both parts, you will receive your theory test certificate which has your theory test number on. You will need this number when you book your practical test.

Your theory test certificate is valid for two years from the date you passed the first part of the test - the multiple choice test. If you do not take your practical test within this two year period you will have to take another theory test.

There are no exceptions to this rule.

If you fail the theory tests

If you fail you should look at the feedback given on the letter and identify why you failed.

If you want to book another theory test you can book a test straight away, but you cannot take the test for another three clear working days. So, if you failed your first test on Monday afternoon, you will have to wait until Friday morning before you can take your next theory test.